Xiao Liang, Qiannan Wu, Qianqian Liu, Lina Wang, Mingcheng Zhang, Ke Sun, Yucheng Shen, Hui Chen, Xiaoxin Zou. Developments and challenges of catalytic materials for green hydrogen production[J]. Energy Lab, 2023, 1(2): 220013. doi: 10.54227/elab.20220013
Citation: Xiao Liang, Qiannan Wu, Qianqian Liu, Lina Wang, Mingcheng Zhang, Ke Sun, Yucheng Shen, Hui Chen, Xiaoxin Zou. Developments and challenges of catalytic materials for green hydrogen production[J]. Energy Lab, 2023, 1(2): 220013. doi: 10.54227/elab.20220013


Developments and challenges of catalytic materials for green hydrogen production

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  • Corresponding authors: chenhui@jlu.edu.cn; xxzou@jlu.edu.cn
  • § These authors contributed equally to this work.

  • Water splitting coupled to renewable power systems is an attractive way to generate green hydrogen and achieve zero carbon emissions, and represents a strategic technology to meet the high demand of carbon-neutral development. Catalysts essentially determine the efficiency and cost of water splitting technologies, and are a class of key materials for green hydrogen production. In this review, we summarize the catalyst developments for the mainstream green hydrogen production technologies, including water electrolysis, water photolysis, and photoelectrocatalytic water splitting. We first present basic catalytic mechanisms of these water splitting pathways, as well as emphasize their current research status and challenges for practical application. We subsequently introduce the recent progress in representative catalysts and design strategies toward these photo(electro)catalytic technologies, paying particular attention to water electrolysis, including alkaline water electrolyzer (AWE), proton exchange membrane water electrolyzer (PEMWE), anion-exchange membrane water electrolyzer (AEMWE) and solid oxide electrolysis cell (SOEC). Finally, we propose future prospects to develop more desirable catalysts for green hydrogen production at a large scale.

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  • Xiao Liang received her Ph.D. in inorganic chemistry from Jilin University in 2021. She is currently a postdoctoral researcher at State Key Laboratory of Inorganic Synthesis and Preparative Chemistry, Jilin University. Her research interests focus on the design of water splitting electrocatalysts, especially the acidic water oxidation electrocatalysts in proton exchange membrane water electrolysis application.
    Qiannan Wu has received his master’s degree in physical chemistry from Jilin University in 2020. She is currently studying for her Ph.D under the supervision of Prof. Xiaoxin Zou at the State Key Laboratory of Inorganic Synthesis and Preparative Chemistry in Jilin University. Her research interests focus on the design of water splitting electrocatalysts, especially the iridium-based and low iridium-based electrocatalysts in proton exchange membrance water electrolyzer application.
    Hui Chen is currently an associate professor at the State Key Laboratory of Inorganic Synthesis and Preparative Chemistry in Jilin University. He received his Ph.D. in materials science from Jilin University in June 2018, and completed his postdoctoral training at Jilin University in November 2022. His research interests are in key materials and devices of water electrolysis technology, with an emphasis on combination of theoretical calculation, in-situ dynamic characterization and experimental study to achieve controllable construction of surface active centers and reveal the reaction mechanism.
    Xiaoxin Zou has received his Ph.D. in inorganic chemistry from Jilin University (China) in June 2011; and then moved to the University of California, Riverside, and Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, as a postdoctoral scholar from July 2011 to October 2013. He is currently a professor at the State Key Laboratory of Inorganic Synthesis and Preparative Chemistry in Jilin University. His research interests are in hydrogen energy materials chemistry, comprising the elucidation of the atomic basis for water splitting electrocatalysts, the prediction and searching of efficient catalysts with novel crystal structures as well as the preparative technology of industrial water splitting catalysts. Some of his recent progresses include the computation-driven structural design/engineering of water splitting catalysts, the structural understanding and synthetic methods of interstitial intermetallic catalysts, the design principles of low-iridium oxygen-evolution catalysts for PEM electrolyzers, and the synthetic technology of large-area, highly stable electrode materials for alkaline electrolyzers. He has authored 90+ peer-reviewed papers and 10 patents.
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